HMC UPGRADE

–# V7R7.2 to V7R7.6, or from V7 to V8 for example.

You can find network install resources right here :

ftp://public.dhe.ibm.com/software/server/hmc/network/

or there:

ftp://ftp.software.ibm.com/software/server/hmc/network/

…or there :

http://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/sas/f/netinstall/home.html

Prerequisites

Backup your data !!!

# bkconsdata -r ftp -h [ftp host] -u [user] -d [directory]

Cleanup first

As said on this blog , this is a good practice :

These commands will cleanup the events and the temporary files in order to make some space.

Then you can reboot before upgrading (not mandatory I think)

 # chsvcevent -o closeall
# chhmcfs -o f -d 0
# hmcshutdown -t now -r
This will delete any temporary files. Extremely useful if the HMC calls home to IBM about high usage of one of its file systems

Check the need of a 2-step migration

Sometimes you might need to upgrade to an intermediate HMC level, before reaching to the desired level :

For example, V7R7.9.0 requires a minimal level of V7R7.6.0 . If your HMC is V7R6.xx, you need to upgrade firstly to V7R7.6.0, before going to V7R7.9.

 

Check if there is enough space

Upgrade commands on HMC are not the verbose type, so you have to be sure that you have sufficient space on your hard drive (sometimes on old configuration it is very small).

Upgrade notes

1. Prior to upgrading from V7R7.6.0 or V7R7.7.0, users with many partitions and partition profiles must verify that their current server configuration is compatibile with HMC Version 7 Release 7.8.0 and later. The HMC uses a storage area on each managed server to persist the server configuration. HMC V7R7.8.0 and later increases the usage of this storage area. Servers already containing a large number of profiles may not have sufficient space to allow an upgrade to HMC Version 7 Release 7.8.0 and later.

 

New command to check upgrade sizing : lsprofspace (only starting with V7R7.6)

please see HMC Version 7 Release 7.8.0 Upgrade sizing

Better shut down the other HMC (I never do that, but, you know… ūüôā )

When two HMCs manage the same server, both HMCs must be at the same version. Once the server is connected to the higher version of the management console, the partition configuration is migrated to the latest version. Lower management consoles will not be able to understand the data properly and may fail. Before upgrading an HMC, you must disconnect the redundant HMC from the managed systems. Once the first upgrade is complete, you can upgrade the disconnected HMC, then reconnect it to the managed systems when the HMCs are at the same level again.

Check Firmware compatibility with Target HMC level

Verify server firmware is compatible with HMC Version 7 Release 7.9.0
Prior to upgrading the HMC, determine if any managed server or flex node is at one of the following server firmware levels:

  • 01Ax770 levels 032 (GA) to 064
  • 01Ax773 levels 033 to 051
  • 01Ax780 levels 040 (GA) to 050

If any Power Server is at an impacted level then concurrently update the server firmware to the latest available fix before upgrading the HMC.
For further information on this restriction see IBM Support document at http://www.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?uid=nas8N1020088

In order to know the various managed system’s firmwares that belong to your HMC, please refer to my post on HMC CLI cheatsheet , but I’ll put it back here for you :

# lssyscfg -r sys -Fname |while read f
do
model=`lssyscfg -r sys -Fname:type_model |grep $f`
echo -n "$model: ";lslic -m $f -t sys -Fcurr_ecnumber_primary:activated_level
done
frame,9117-MMC: 01AM740:100
frame,9117-MMD: 01AM760:51
frame,9117-MMD: 01AM760:68
frame,8202-E4C: 01AL740:152
frame,9117-MMD: 01AM760:68
frame,9117-MMD: 01AM760:68
frame,9117-MMD: 01AM760:51
frame,8231-E1D: 01AL770:90
frame,8202-E4D: 01AL770:90
frame,8408-E8D: 01AM770:48
frame,8202-E4C: 01AL740:152
frame,8231-E1D: 01AL770:48
frame,8231-E1D: 01AL770:90
frame,9117-MMD: 01AM760:68
frame,8231-E1D: 01AL770:90
frame,8202-E4D: 01AL770:90
frame,8231-E1D: 01AL770:90
frame,9117-MMC: 01AM740:100

Fix Level Recommendation Tool (FLRT)

Please check FLRT site to get the right levels regarding which firmware you’ve got :

https://www-304.ibm.com/support/customercare/flrt/

You can also check the links section for the power matrix code for each generation of power , but these are static pages, you better

use FLRT now.

Let’s get it done

Once the files are uploaded to a NIM server for example , you can use getupgfiles (add the -s option to use ftps instead of ftp):

hscroot@hmc:~#getupgfiles -h [FTP server] -u [ftpuser] -s -d /HMC_Update_V8R810_SP1/network_install
 Enter the current password for user [ftpuser]:

hscroot@hmc:~#

Meanwhile you can check the progress of this copy by opening another terminal and typing this :

hscroot@hmc:~#while true ; do date; ls -la /hmcdump /hmcboot;monhmc -r disk -n 0; sleep 10; done

This operation will mount /mnt/upgrade and save configuration data then unmount /mnt/upgrade. This should take ony a few moments.
(This data will be used during next boot, so do not initiate reboot after this has been done, or you have to do this step again.)

hscroot@hmc:~#saveupgdata -r disk
hscroot@hmc:~#

Give me some space

ATTENTION !!! If at this step, you get this kind of error :

hscroot@hmc:~#saveupgdata -r disk
The following error occured: The Save Upgrade Data request failed.

or :

hscroot@hmc saveupgdata -r disk
The following error occured: There is no more space left on the upgrade partition. Please remove files saved in users' home directory and retry the operation.</pre>

!!!! You shall not reboot the HMC , stop the procedure right there .
Otherwise the HMC won’t come back at all. It will be like a factory reset, with
all default options (no SSH, no authentication, no more user profiles, no more DHCP server…)

So you have to clean up the filesystems on the HMC. if you can’t, then , you’re likely to keep your

actual HMC level.

All cleaned up ? let’s go on

if the saveupgdata -r disk ended up OK, you can follow these steps now:

hscroot@hmc:~#chhmc -c altdiskboot -s enable --mode upgrade
hscroot@hmc:~# hmcshutdown -r -t now
hscroot@hmc:~# Broadcast message from root@hmc (Fri Sep 12 14:57:41 2014): The system is shutting down for reboot now.

This is the freaky part, because from now on and for a bunch of minutes (likely 20-30 minutes), you go blind.
No ping, no terminal, nothing to tell you whether the upgrade is ongoing, or if the HMC is completely crashed.
Keep the faith, because after 20-30 minutes, you will get back your ssh access.

Check the version

hscroot@hmc:~#lshmc -v
 "vpd=*FC ????????
 *VC 20.0
 *N2 Fri Sep 12 14:44:08 CEST 2014
 *FC ????????
 *DS Hardware Management Console
 *TM 7042-CR8
 *SE 99E199C
 *MN IBM
 *PN 434097
 *SZ 8399999994
 *OS Embedded Operating Systems
 *NA 100.100.100.100
 *FC ????????
 *DS Platform Firmware
 *RM V8R8.1.0.0
 "
 hscroot@hmc:~#lshmc -V
 "version= Version: 8
 Release: 8.1.0
 Service Pack: 0
 HMC Build level 20140602.3
 MH01421: Required fix for HMC V8R8.1.0 (06-03-2014)
 ","base_version=V8R8.1.0
 "

 

HMC UPDATE

–> service pack, ou security/mandatory fix installation

if you have a FTP server up :

 updhmc -t s -i -h [FTPserver]-u [ftpuser] -f /HMC_Update_V8R810_SP1/HMC_Update_V8R810_SP1.iso

No FTP server, or FTPS (because updhmc can’t do ftps, unlike getupgfiles, don’t ask me why):

–> you have to copy locally the .iso files :

user@NIM:/export/nim/HMC_Update_V8R810_SP1  sudo scp HMC_Update_V8R810_SP1.iso \
 hscroot@hmc:/home/hscroot
 HMC_Update_V8R810_SP1.iso
 hscroot@hmc:~#updhmc -t l -f /home/hscroot/HMC_Update_V8R810_SP1.iso
 iptables: Chain already exists.
 ip6tables: Chain already exists.
 iptables: Chain already exists.
 ip6tables: Chain already exists.
 iptables: Chain already exists.
 ip6tables: Chain already exists.
 iptables: Chain already exists.
 ip6tables: Chain already exists.
 The corrective service file was successfully applied. A mandatory reboot is required but was not specified on the command syntax.
 hscroot@hmc:~#hmcshutdown -t now -r

Vérifier avec lshmc -v.

Links

IBM FLRT

Installing fixes from removable media for HMC V8

HMC network installation images (Direct link to network install images)

Hardware Management Console Support and downloads

HMC Version 7 Release 7.8.0 Upgrade sizing

http://chmod666.org/index.php/hardware-management-console-be-autonomous-with-upgrade-update-and-use-the-integrated-management-module/

http://ibmsystemsmag.blogs.com/aixchange/2011/01/remote-hmc-upgrades.html

http://www.unixmantra.com/2013/07/remote-upgrade-to-hmc-v7r75.html

http://aix4admins.blogspot.de/2015/06/hmc-update-hmc-upgrade-remote-hmc.html

Power Matrix code (still useful but deprecated):

Power8

Supported combinations for 8247-21L, 8247-22L, 8247-42L, 8284-22A, 8286-41A and 8286-42A

Power7

Supported HMC and POWER5 server code combinations

 

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